strain1 [ streın ] noun **
▸ 1 pressure
▸ 2 injury
▸ 3 type of animal etc.
▸ 4 characteristic
▸ 5 sound
1. ) count or uncount pressure caused by a difficult situation:
a strain on something: This war will put a great strain on the economy.
the strain of something: I don't think our relationship can stand the strain of another move.
a ) physical effort or pressure:
under strain: All that lifting is putting his back under severe strain.
b ) mental pressure or worry: STRESS:
under strain: Eleanor was feeling overworked and under strain.
2. ) count or uncount an injury caused by twisting or stretching a muscle too much:
a thigh strain
3. ) count a particular type of animal, insect, or plant:
strain of: a strain of human flu virus
4. ) count a particular aspect of someone's character or feelings:
strain of: There's a strain of meanness that runs in their family.
5. ) strains plural LITERARY the sound of some music
take the strain
1. ) to pull and hold something so that it stays tight
2. ) to do the difficult work or deal with the pressure so that someone else does not have to
strain 2 [ streın ] verb **
▸ 1 try hard to do something
▸ 2 make relationship bad
▸ 3 injure muscle
▸ 4 separate solid & liquid
▸ 5 pull/push something hard
1. ) intransitive or transitive to try very hard to do something:
strain to do something: I strained to hear what they were saying.
strain for: onlookers straining for a view of the celebrity
strain yourself: I could keep up with him, without straining myself.
a ) strain your eyes/ears to try very hard to see or hear something
2. ) transitive to make a relationship uncomfortable and not friendly:
Negotiations between the two nations had been strained since the war.
3. ) transitive to injure yourself by twisting or stretching a muscle too much:
I've strained a muscle in my shoulder.
strain your back/eyes: Reading in poor light can strain your eyes.
4. ) transitive to separate a solid from a liquid by pouring it into a STRAINER
5. ) intransitive to pull at something very hard:
strain at: The elephants strained at their ropes.
a ) to push against something very hard:
strain against: Tommy was straining against the straps of his car seat.
straining at the leash
impatient to do something

Usage of the words and phrases in modern English. 2013.

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